Symptoms Of Typhoid

by Rachel on November 14, 2014

Typhoid fever, caused mainly by contaminated water is a bacterial illness caused by the bacterium called Salmonella typhi. It is highly common in unclean areas when people do not have the habit of washing their hands frequently. There are about 400 cases of typhoid patients every year in the United States but most of the people get the illness while traveling abroad.

Symptoms:

The first symptoms of typhoid are much like influenza. Fever, headache, back-ache, loss of appetite, chilliness with occasional nose-bleed, diarrhea or constipation are the common complaints. When these conditions continue for a length of time typhoid is suspected. The temperature gradually gets higher and higher, often reaching 104 F. The pulse, which usually is accelerated by increased temperature, is exceptionally slow.

The most common symptoms of typhoid fever besides those mentioned above are stomach pain, chills, weakness, fatigue and slow heart rate. Antibiotics are used to kill the bacteria but of late, antibiotic resistant strains of bacteria are developing making the treatment protocol more difficult.

Typhoid fever is caused by the bacterium Salmonella typhi. In most cases S. typhi is released into the environment via feces from carriers. Such raw waste can contaminate water and food due to lack of proper waste management, poor sanitation, and poor personal hygiene.

At some point as a child, you were likely scolded for trying to eat raw cookie dough or cake batter. To a small child, few things are more delicious. But just as your hand approach the pure chocolate gold, a voice yelling, “Stop! You will get Salmonella” rang through the air.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recognizes over 250 different types of food-borne pathogens, with salmonella being one of the most common. Salmonella may seem like an average type of food poisoning, causing symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. However, it can also lead to several long-term complications that can put your health at serious risk.

Normally a human gets cholera from eating or drinking infected food or water. And untreated, the disease will progress from massive diarrhea to shock in 4-12 hours and possibly death within 18 hours or several days. Luckily, with oral rehydration therapy, a person can survive from cholera.

Salmonella Typhi causes a disease transmitted through food or drinks that are handled or served after poor hand washing or when contaminated sewage gets into drinking or hand-washing water. It causes high fever, headache, body weakness, stomach pain and a rash.

Foodborne disease is caused by bacteria and some viruses that give rise to similar symptoms as food poisoning, but only a few bacteria or viral particles are required, sometimes as few as five. They are also called low dose pathogens.

As dense populations grew with the Industrial Revolution and expanding urban centers of commerce, the streams and rivers became open sewers of foul-smelling, nasty-tasting water. Eventually, these streams and rivers were covered over to reduce the offensive odors – thus the creation of America’s first sewers.

Their mission is to save lives in Haiti. International Action installs water treatment systems on local neighborhoods water tanks protecting people from waterborne diseases – such as typhoid, hepatitis, cholera and chronic diarrhea – the main killer of children in the developing world.

The major concern is about the inability to consistently remove viruses and protozoa and to achieve quality standards for these micro-organisms. Bacteriological tests must be performed constantly to ensure that drinking water supplies are safe for human consumption.

Sweating – One can drink a simple spicy tea to induce sweat or he can be covered with a blanket so that he is made to sweat as this process clears toxins, raises the body temperature that kills the virus and normalizes the body temperature.

Prevention is not only thru vaccination but also by educating yourself to how a disease is being acquired. Polio, hepatitis A and typhoid can be avoided by eating uncontaminated food and drinking clean water. These days immunization is not that mandatory, yellow fever vaccine is only required if you are traveling to South America, Africa, and Asia.

Hepatitis A is a highly infectious disease that is spread through contaminated food and water (including ice cubes). Hepatitis B is spread in the same way that the HIV virus is spread, by infected blood or body fluids through sexual contact, a transfusion, or a cut or break in the skin. Both diseases have similar symptoms which may include a fever, chills, headaches, feeling fatigued, aches and pains, nausea and vomiting, stomach cramps.

Read About International Study and also read about Degrees Offered and College Admission Essay

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