What is human papilloma virus (HPV)?

by Ann-Britt on January 25, 2010

If you have not heard of human papilloma, you’re not alone. Although this virus is very common, there are many who do not know about it or just know very little about it. Human papilloma affects both women and men. And it is not always that the virus leads to a symptomatic diseases.

Who gets human papilloma, and how?
Human papilloma occurs frequently. Read about HPV transmission and find out if you can get this infection.

HPV Symptoms, detection and prevention
Find out why gynecological examinations and screening of the cervix is so important.

What are the different types of human papilloma?

There are actually over 100 different types of human papilloma virus (HPV) infection in the surroundings  and on the skin surface. Most of them are quite harmless. For example those who provide ordinary warts on the hands and feet. In most people  the body’s own defense mechanisms will combat the virus.

HPV transmission cells

Around 40 types of human papilloma infect the genitals. Among these are four types the most common cause for STDs:

* High risk types of human papilloma such as HPV types 16 and 18 may provide cervical cancer or cell changes in the cervix that sometimes develop into cancer.
* Low risk types of human papilloma such as  HPV types 6 and 11, may cause genital warts and may cause cell changes on the cervix (abnormal cells but not cancer).

Those types of human papilloma may also cause cell changes on the vagina lips and the vagina.

Who gets human papilloma and how is HPV transmission?

Infection with human papilloma is very common, HPV transmission is easy and often without symptoms. Human papilloma affects both women and men equally, and most of us will have such an infection at some point in life. HPV can be transmitted through sexual intercourse or other sexual relations, including intimate contact with a person who is infected with papilloma.

Just one single partner with the human papilloma enough to become infected. It has been shown that most are infected with HPV first time while they are young.

HPV symptoms, detection and prevention

Many people with human papilloma has no symptoms, and do not know that they have been infected. That is why it is so important that women have performed gynecological examinations of cell samples. Thanks to these studies cell ca be detected before they develop into something more serious.

How can I tell if I have human papilloma if there are no symptoms?

Most women find that they have human papilloma after a pap smear. A pap smear or pap smear screening is known as part of a routine gynecological examination and can detect abnormal cells in the cervix. Many precursors to cervical cancer can be cured if detected early.

Generally you can reduce the risk of cervical cancer through regular gynecological examinations, supplemented by the samples that the doctor recommends.

Prevention – what is a pap smear?

A pap smear or pap smear screening conducted routinely by the medical practitioner to examine whether there are cell changes in the cervix. During a gynecological examination the doctor take a cell sample from the cervix, which forms the transition between the lower part of uterus and vagina. It then examines the cells under microscope, and if there are abnormal cells, your doctor may suggest further investigations.

There is no reason to fear a pap smear – it is a simple and painless procedure that can help save your life.

How often should I have taken a pap smear?

Ask your doctor how often you should have a pap smear.

Who is suitable for screening of the cervix?

* 23 years: First call
* 23-59 years: Every three years

Women who have not recently had a pap smear may be offered this review of the physician.

Be sure to get a pap smear as often as your doctor recommends it. It is worth your time even if you are busy or feel completely recovered. It is an important step in taking responsibility for their own health and care of itself.

How can cervical cancer be prevented?

Cell changes that result from human papilloma can be demonstrated by taking a cell sample from the cervix and examine it in detail. It is necessary to perform these tests because the virus is often not shown by symptoms, pain or otherwise.

Most cell changes go away by itself. If the test shows cell changes, your doctor may choose to keep an eye on how they evolve without interference. If cell changes are severe or go to, it may be necessary to remove the diseased cells.

Primary prevention: HPV vaccination

Screening is very important to demonstrate the cell, which is associated with human papilloma virus (HPV) infection, but it does not protect against disease. Use of condoms is recommended, since it can reduce the burden of viruses and bacterial infections globally, although it does not provide complete protection against transmission of papilloma.

With a combination of screening and vaccination will maximize the effectiveness of the fight against cervical cancer.

Cervical cancer that is caused by infection with human papilloma, which is due to a virus and it is therefore possible to prevent the disease and its precursors through vaccination. HPV vaccination makes it possible to initiate primary prevention before the date on which the screened cell. It will still be necessary to screen women for detecting precursors of cervical cancer that can not be prevented by vaccine.

{ 2 comments… read them below or add one }

~ Melatonin Sleep Aid September 27, 2009 at 11:27 am

as always, safe sex and HPV Vaccine should work in reducing infections. the symptoms of HPV is kind of nasty.

arthritispain October 9, 2009 at 10:21 am

it is good to know that at least the HPV Vaccine can prevent most cases of Cervical Cancer.

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