Where did human papilloma virus (HPV) originate ?

by Rachel on November 2, 2010

What are some statistics/number of cases per year ?

{ 2 comments… read them below or add one }

Striving for Honesty November 2, 2010 at 2:23 am

Is that the one that started in the SouthWest and spread from rat droppings? You could go to the Nat’l Institute of Health or perhaps a better source would be the Centers for Disease Control and download statistics that are current and reliable.

tarnishedsilverheart November 2, 2010 at 3:14 am

Some HPV facts and statistics. The virus is hundreds of million of years old.

The papillomavirus has been afflicting humans and their ancestors for
millions of years. Now scientists have worked out how it has evolved,
reports Roger Highfield

Hundreds of millions of years ago, a relative of this virus made
dinosaurs sprout warts. When our ancestors split from the apes up to
seven million years ago, the virus split with them. Among the earliest
modern humans, it was still multiplying, spreading and evolving.

Cervical cancer cells
Cervical cancer cell about to divide

perhaps the oldest to afflict humankind, is causing
more suffering than at any time in its history. Although many kinds of
the virus – the human papillomavirus or HPV – still cause warts,
certain types are now known to cause cervical cancer, too, an idea
first suggested three decades ago by the German scientist Harald zur
Hausen.

The cancer was documented as long ago as the second century AD by the
Greek gynaecologist Soranus of Ephesus, but the death rate has risen
because women are living longer, giving more time and opportunity for
infection with the virus to trigger cancer. In recent years, however,
modern genetics has helped scientists to track down the remarkably
ancient origins of this invisible killer and provided the means to
fight it

The American Cancer Society’s most recent estimates for cervical cancer in the United States are for 2009:
•about 11,270 new cases of invasive cervical cancer will be diagnosed.
•about 4,070 women will die from cervical cancer.
Some researchers estimate that non-invasive cervical cancer (carcinoma in situ) is about 4 times more common than invasive cervical cancer.
Genital human papillomavirus (also called HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI). There are more than 40 HPV types that can infect the genital areas of males and females. These HPV types can also infect the mouth and throat. Most people who become infected with HPV do not even know they have it.
Approximately 20 million Americans are currently infected with HPV. Another 6 million people become newly infected each year. HPV is so common that at least 50% of sexually active men and women get it at some point in their lives.
Genital warts. About 1% of sexually active adults in the U.S. have genital warts at any one time.
RRP is very rare. It is estimated that less than 2,000 children get RRP every year in the U.S.
The cost to keep affected children alive can run to $100,000 or more per year
Worldwide, about 600,000 new cases of cervical and penile cancer arise each year. Many of these individuals will suffer significant morbidity or die because early detection and appropriate medical treatment are not possible or available.
Women in the United States, for example, spend over two billion dollars each year on Pap smear cytology during routine preventive screening. Those having active HPV infections require three billion dollars cost in additional care in the form of colposcopic examination, biopsy, localized surgery or hysterectomy. Despite this intensive medical effort, about 4,500 American women die of cervical cancer each year, at a personal and social cost that is immeasurable. In that the family of genital HPV diseases appears to be sexually transmitted, men too harbor and express HPV in the form of penile and perianal warts and urethal papillomas. A subset of these lesions will also progress to cancers.

Twenty-five thousand cases of human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated
cancers occurred in 38 states and the District of Columbia annually
during 1998-2003, according to studies conducted by CDC. The
report, “Assessing the Burden of Human Papillomavirus (HPV)-
Associated Cancers in the United States (ABHACUS),” was published
online and appears in the Nov. 15, 2008, supplement edition of Cancer

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